03 Feb

February 2 is the birth date of James Joyce, the writer of the poem, Ulysses. It’s normal I try to give my audience a brief about him. Enjoy!

Birth February 2, 1882
Death January 13, 1941
Place of Birth Dublin, Ireland
Principal Residence Paris, France
Pioneering new narrative techniques, especially stream-of-consciousness, and experimenting with the uses of language. He was one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century. Joyce is best known for his epic novel Ulysses (1922), which uses stream of consciousness, a literary technique that attempts to portray the natural and sometimes irrational flow of thoughts and sensations in a person’s mind. He was the eldest of ten children, and his family was poor and Roman Catholic. As a youth, Joyce was educated at Roman Catholic lower schools and at home. He earned a degree in Latin from University College, Dublin in 1902. While he was at University College, Joyce renounced the Roman Catholic faith. In 1904 he and his companion, Nora Barnacle, left Ireland for good. They lived in Trieste, Italy; Paris, France; and Zürich, Switzerland. They had two children but did not marry until 1931. To support the family, Joyce worked as a language instructor and received writing grants from patrons, but the family was never comfortable financially.
Milestones 1900 Published, at age 18, a review of Ibsen’s When We Dead Awaken in the London Fortnightly Review, which led to correspondence with Ibsen
1902 Graduated from University College in Dublin and made the first of several stays in Paris
1903 Returned to Dublin to visit his dying mother and met his future wife, Nora Barnacle
1904 Left Dublin with Nora to live abroad for the rest of his life, returning to Ireland for only a few brief periods
1907 Published his first book, Chamber Music, a collection of 36 poems
1914 Published Dubliners after about eight years of battling with censorious publishers
1916 Published A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, a semiautobiographical work which makes use of the stream-of-consciousness narrative style
1922 Published Ulysses, a novel whose story of a day in the life of Leopold Bloom elevated its author to international renown
1939 Published his last novel, Finnegan’s Wake, a novel whose lackluster reception in the literary world left Joyce deeply disappointed
1940 Moved from Paris to Zurich, where he spent the remainder of his life
Did You Know Due to his professed antireligious principles, Joyce refused to marry Nora Barnacle until 1931 even though they had been together since 1903 and had several children.
Joyce, who had financial problems most of his life, earned almost nothing from his writing until his last years.
Joyce suffered from a variety of eye problems for which he underwent a total of 25 operations. He also experienced periods of total blindness.
Joyce and his family were supported in part by grants obtained through the advocacy of W.B. Yeats and Ezra Pound.

Although Joyce renounced the Roman Catholic faith, his writings frequently refer to the rich tradition of the Church. He compared the artist and the writer to the priest, who performs certain social and aesthetic functions in a dramatic display. He also compared the literary use of symbols to the religious use of sacraments, which are the outward and visible representations of inward and invisible spiritual states. (One such sacrament is baptism, which represents the favor of God bestowed on an individual.) Joyce called some of his early sketches epiphanies; the term epiphany, often used in a religious context, means an understanding that comes about through a sudden intuitive realization. A Joycean epiphany is a small descriptive moment, action, or phrase that holds much larger meaning–for example, a single word or gesture that explains a person’s entire personality.


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Posted by on 03/02/2014 in Biographies


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